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成人高考高起点英语误用讲解一

2017年09月17日来源:上海成考网 阅读:
1、中文:他理发了。

(误)He had his hair to be cut.

(正)He had his hair cut.(have,get+宾语+过去分词表示使…被。)

2、中文:他喜欢喝凉开水。

(误)He likes to drink boiling water.

(正)He likes to drink boiled water.(现在分词表示主动,boiling water指正在沸腾的水;过去分词表示完成,boiled water指沸腾过的水。)

3、中文:由于做饭,他看上去累了。

(误)He looked tiring with cooking.

(正)He looked tired with cooking.(tiring表示令人疲倦的,tired表示人被弄疲倦了。)

4、中文:我不能让别人明白我的意思。

(误)I couldn't make myself understand.

(正)I couldn't make myself understood.(过去分词表示被动,make myself understood表示使我被别人明白。)

5、中文:昨天早上我上学时见到了我的一个朋友。

(误)I was walking to school yesterday morning,I met a friend of mine.

(正)Walking to school yesterday morning,I met a friend of mine.(前一句如作时间从句缺连词,后一句分词构句表时间。)

6、中文:假期结束了,约翰返回了学校。

(误)The vacation was over,John returned to school.

(正)The vacation being over,John returned to school.(前一句如作时间从句缺连词,后一句独立分词构句表时间。)

7、中文:戴帽子的工人躺在地上。

(误)The workman worn a hat is lying on the ground.

(正)The workman wearing a hat is lying on the ground.(带帽子是主动行动,要用现在分词wearing a hat表示。)

8、中文:小女孩站在那里哭了。

(误)The little girl stood there cried.

(正)The little girl stood there crying.(哭是主语the little girl发出的行动,要用现在分词crying表示。)

9、中文:天气好,我们今天要去郊游。

(误)Being fine, we'll go outing today.

(正)It being fine, we'll go outing today.(前一句错在分词构句所表示的动作不是主句的主语发出的;后一句加上表示气候的It作逻辑主语,构成独立分词构句表原因。)

2016年成人高考高起点英语误用讲解:副词

1、中文:这块石头太大了没人能举起它。

(误)Here is a so big stone that no one can lift it.

(正)Here is so big a stone that no one can lift it.(so是副词,修饰形容词,形式是so+形容词+a+单数可数名词。)

2、中文:这花多美啊!

(误)What beautiful the flower is!

(正)How beautiful the flower is!(how用来修饰副词或形容词,而what用来修饰名词。)

3、中文:这工作永远不会被完成。

(误)This job will be never finished.

(正)This job will never be finished.(频率副词在第一个助动词后。)

4、中文:我的弟弟比我高多了。

(误)My brother is very taller than I.

(正)My brother is much taller than I.(very不能修饰比较级;much可以修饰比较级。)

5、中文:我想我七点会在餐厅里见到她。

(误)I think I'll meet her at 7:00 at the restaurant.

(正)I think I'll meet her at the restaurant at 7:00.(地方副词在时间副词前。)

6、中文:这房间对你够大的。

(误)This room is enough large for you.

(正)This room is large enough for you.(enough作副词,在被修饰的形容词后。)

7、中文:我也不能做它。

(误)I cannot do it too.

(正)I cannot do it either.(either用于否定句;too用于肯定句。)

8、中文:他每天早起。

(误)He gets up early everyday.

(正)He gets up early every day.(every day是时间副词;everyday是形容词。)

9、中文:我要下楼去。

(误)I'm going to downstairs.

(正)I'm going downstairs.(downstairs是副词,前面不加介词。)

10、中文:你的故事很有趣。

(误)Your story is the most interesting.

(正)Your story is most interesting.(most不用于比较,而用作加强语气,不加the.)

11、中文:我两年前见过他。

(误)I met him two years before.

(正)I met him two years ago.(表示一段时间以前,ago用于一般过去时;before用于过去完成时。)

12、中文:他们昨天晚上回来得晚。

(误)They came back lately last night.

(正)They came back late last night.(lately(最近),late(晚,迟),都是副词。)
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